flmn-10q_20200331.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020

Or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from              to             

Commission File Number: 001-38158

FALCON MINERALS CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

 

82-0820780

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

 

 

510 Madison Avenue, 8th Floor, New York, NY

 

10022

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (212) 506-5925

 

N/A

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading

Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Class A Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share

 

FLMN

 

Nasdaq Capital Market

Warrants, each to purchase one share of Class A Common Stock

 

FLMNW

 

Nasdaq Capital Market

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

  

Accelerated filer

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

  

Smaller reporting company

 


Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  

As of May 6, 2020, there were 45,993,349 shares of the registrant’s Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, issued and outstanding and there were 40,000,000 shares of the registrant’s Class C common stock, par value of $0.0001 per share, issued and outstanding.

 

 

 


 

FALCON MINERALS CORPORATION

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

    

 

  

 

Page

GLOSSARY OF TERMS

3

PART I.

  

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

  

Item 1.

  

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

 

  

 

  

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

5

 

  

 

  

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

6

 

  

 

  

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

7

 

  

 

  

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity

8

 

  

 

  

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

9

 

  

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

20

 

  

Item 2.

  

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

22

 

  

Item 3.

  

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

29

 

  

Item 4.

  

Controls and Procedures

29

PART II.

  

OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

  

Item 1.

  

Legal Proceedings

29

 

  

Item 1A.

  

Risk Factors

30

 

 

Item 2.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

30

 

 

Item 3.

 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

30

 

 

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

30

 

  

Item 6.

  

Exhibits

30

EXHIBIT INDEX

31

SIGNATURES

32

 

 


 

GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Adjusted EBITDA:    Represents net income before interest expense, income taxes and depreciation and amortization expense, as further adjusted for other non-cash charges and other charges that are not reflective of our ongoing operations. Adjusted EBITDA is not a presentation made in accordance with GAAP. Please see the reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income in Part I, Item 2. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Overview of Our Results of Operations—Adjusted EBITDA.”

Barrel or bbl   Stock tank barrel, or 42 U.S. gallons liquid volume, used in this report in reference to crude oil or other liquid hydrocarbons.

BOE:    Barrels of oil equivalent, with six thousand cubic feet of natural gas being equivalent to one barrel of oil.

BOE/d:    BOE per day.

British Thermal Unit or Btu:    The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water by one-degree Fahrenheit.

Completion:    The process of treating a drilled well followed by the installation of permanent equipment for the production of natural gas or oil, or in the case of a dry hole, the reporting of abandonment to the appropriate agency.

Condensate:  Liquid hydrocarbons associated with the production that is primarily natural gas.

Crude oil:    Liquid hydrocarbons retrieved from geological structures underground to be refined into fuel sources.

Developed acreage: Acreage allocated or assignable to productive wells.  

Differential:  An adjustment to the price of oil and natural gas from an established spot market price to reflect differences in the quality and/or location of oil or natural gas.  

GAAP:    Generally accepted accounting principles in the United States.

Gross acres or gross wells:    The total acres or wells, as the case may be, in which an overriding, royalty or mineral interest is owned.

MBbls:  Thousand barrels of crude oil or other liquid hydrocarbons.

MBOE:    One thousand barrels of crude oil equivalent, determined using a ratio of six Mcf of natural gas to one Bbl of crude oil, condensate or natural gas liquids.

Mcf:    Thousand cubic feet of natural gas.

Mineral interests:  The interests in ownership of the resource and mineral rights, giving an owner the right to profit from the extracted resources.  

MMBtu:    Million British Thermal Units.

MMcf:  Million cubic feet of natural gas.

Net royalty acres: Gross acreage multiplied by the average royalty interest.  

NGLs:    Natural gas liquids.

Prospect:    A specific geographic area which, based on supporting geological, geophysical or other data and preliminary economic analysis using reasonably anticipated prices and costs, is deemed to have potential for the discovery of commercial hydrocarbons.

Proved reserves:    The estimated quantities of oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids which geological and engineering data demonstrate with reasonable certainty to be commercially recoverable in future years from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions.

3


 

PUD:  Proved undeveloped, used to characterize reserves.

Reserves:    The estimated remaining quantities of oil and natural gas and related substances anticipated to be economically producible, as of a given date, by application of development projects to known accumulations. In addition, there must exist, or there must be a reasonable expectation that there will exist, the legal right to produce or a revenue interest in the production, installed means of delivering oil and natural gas or related substances to the market and all permits and financing required to implement the project. Reserves are not assigned to adjacent reservoirs isolated by major, potentially sealing, faults until those reservoirs are penetrated and evaluated as economically producible. Reserves should not be assigned to areas that are clearly separated from a known accumulation by a non-productive reservoir (i.e., absence of reservoir, structurally low reservoir or negative test results). Such areas may contain prospective resources (i.e., potentially recoverable resources from undiscovered accumulations).

Reservoir:    A porous and permeable underground formation containing a natural accumulation of producible natural gas and/or oil that is confined by impermeable rock or water barriers and is separate from other reservoirs.

Royalty interest:    An interest that gives an owner the right to receive a portion of the resources or revenues without having to carry any costs of development.

SEC:    U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

Undeveloped acreage: Lease acreage on which wells have not been drilled or completed to a point that would permit the production of economic quantities of oil and natural gas regardless of whether such acreage contains proved reserves.

4


 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

FALCON MINERALS CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

2,189

 

 

$

2,543

 

Account receivable

 

 

5,846

 

 

 

7,889

 

Prepaid expenses

 

 

1,096

 

 

 

1,182

 

Total current assets

 

 

9,131

 

 

 

11,614

 

Royalty interests in oil and natural gas properties, net of accumulated amortization

   of $134,016 and $130,342 respectively

 

 

217,619

 

 

 

219,192

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

505

 

 

 

517

 

Deferred tax asset, net

 

 

55,908

 

 

 

56,352

 

Other assets

 

 

3,798

 

 

 

2,530

 

Total assets

 

$

286,961

 

 

$

290,205

 

Liabilities and shareholders' equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

$

1,107

 

 

$

2,206

 

Other current liabilities

 

 

590

 

 

 

-

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

1,697

 

 

 

2,206

 

Credit facility

 

 

45,250

 

 

 

42,500

 

Other non-current liabilities

 

 

1,290

 

 

 

473

 

Total liabilities

 

 

48,237

 

 

 

45,179

 

Commitments and contingencies (See Note 13)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders' equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value; 1,000,000 shares authorized; none

   issued and outstanding

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value; 240,000,000 shares authorized;

   45,987,806 and 45,963,716 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2020 and

  December 31, 2019, respectively

 

 

5

 

 

 

5

 

Class C common stock, $0.0001 par value; 120,000,000 shares authorized;

   40,000,000 issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019

 

 

4

 

 

 

4

 

Additional paid in capital

 

 

125,921

 

 

 

129,127

 

Non-controlling interests

 

 

112,794

 

 

 

115,890

 

Retained earnings

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Total shareholders' equity

 

 

238,724

 

 

 

245,026

 

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity

 

$

286,961

 

 

$

290,205

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


 

FALCON MINERALS CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oil and gas sales

 

$

13,600

 

 

$

21,258

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Production and ad valorem taxes

 

 

854

 

 

 

1,128

 

 

Marketing and transportation

 

 

397

 

 

 

784

 

 

Amortization of royalty interests in oil and natural gas properties

 

 

3,674

 

 

 

3,511

 

 

General, administrative, and other

 

 

3,073

 

 

 

2,504

 

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

7,998

 

 

 

7,927

 

 

Operating income

 

 

5,602

 

 

 

13,331

 

 

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income

 

 

31

 

 

 

31

 

 

Interest expense

 

 

(680

)

 

 

(654

)

 

Total other income (expense)

 

 

(649

)

 

 

(623

)

 

Income before income taxes

 

 

4,953

 

 

 

12,708

 

 

Provision for income taxes

 

 

444

 

 

 

1,405

 

 

Net income

 

 

4,509

 

 

 

11,303

 

 

Net income attributable to non-controlling interests

 

 

(2,304

)

 

 

(5,921

)

 

Net income attributable to common shareholders

 

$

2,205

 

 

$

5,382

 

 

Earnings per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common shares (basic and diluted)

 

$

0.05

 

 

$

0.12

 

 

Weighted average number of shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common shares (basic and diluted)

 

 

45,967

 

 

 

45,856

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

6


 

FALCON MINERALS CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Cash flow from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

4,509

 

 

$

11,303

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortization of royalty interests in oil and natural gas properties

 

 

3,674

 

 

 

3,511

 

Depreciation of property and equipment

 

 

26

 

 

 

-

 

Amortization of debt issuance costs

 

 

161

 

 

 

161

 

Amortization of right-of-use assets

 

 

117

 

 

 

-

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

724

 

 

 

99

 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

444

 

 

 

966

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

2,041

 

 

 

(1,393

)

Prepaid expenses

 

 

86

 

 

 

170

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

(985

)

 

 

680

 

Other liabilities

 

 

(139

)

 

 

429

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

10,658

 

 

 

15,926

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of property and equipment

 

 

(14

)

 

 

(205

)

Acquisition of oil and natural gas properties

 

 

(2,101

)

 

 

(9,705

)

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

 

(2,115

)

 

 

(9,910

)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from credit facility

 

 

10,000

 

 

 

14,000

 

Repayments of long-term debt

 

 

(7,250

)

 

 

(6,500

)

Dividends paid

 

 

(6,205

)

 

 

(9,171

)

Distributions to non-controlling interests

 

 

(5,400

)

 

 

(8,559

)

Distribution equivalent rights paid

 

 

(42

)

 

 

(15

)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

 

(8,897

)

 

 

(10,245

)

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(354

)

 

 

(4,229

)

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

 

 

2,543

 

 

 

7,317

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

 

$

2,189

 

 

$

3,088

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

 

$

519

 

 

$

493

 

Non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable related to property and equipment

 

$

-

 

 

$

337

 

Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for operating leases

 

$

1,547

 

 

$

-

 

Deferred rent

 

$

-

 

 

$

381

 

Accrued bonus paid in stock

 

$

113

 

 

$

-

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

7


 

FALCON MINERALS CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Class A Common

Stock

 

 

Class C Common

Stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Additional

Paid In

Capital

 

 

Non-

controlling

interests

 

 

Retained

Earnings

 

 

Total

Shareholders'

Equity

 

Balance at December 31, 2018

 

 

45,855

 

 

$

5

 

 

 

40,000

 

 

$

4

 

 

$

137,866

 

 

$

127,029

 

 

$

4,810

 

 

$

269,714

 

Vested restricted stock grants

 

 

4

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

99

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

99

 

Distribution equivalent rights paid

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(15

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(15

)

Distributions to non-controlling interests

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(8,559

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(8,559

)

Dividends to shareholders ($0.20 per share)

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(9,171

)

 

 

(9,171

)

Net income

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

5,921

 

 

 

5,382

 

 

 

11,303

 

Balance at March 31, 2019

 

 

45,859

 

 

$

5

 

 

 

40,000

 

 

$

4

 

 

$

137,950

 

 

$

124,391

 

 

$

1,021

 

 

$

263,371

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2019

 

 

45,964

 

 

$

5

 

 

 

40,000

 

 

$

4

 

 

$

129,127

 

 

$

115,890

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

245,026

 

Vested restricted stock grants

 

 

24

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

836

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

836

 

Distribution equivalent rights paid

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(42

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(42

)

Distributions to non-controlling interests

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(5,400

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(5,400

)

Dividends to shareholders ($0.135 per share)

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(4,000

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(2,205

)

 

 

(6,205

)

Net income

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

2,304

 

 

 

2,205

 

 

 

4,509

 

Balance at March 31, 2020

 

 

45,988

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

40,000

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

125,921

 

 

 

112,794

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

238,724

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

8


 

FALCON MINERALS CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

Note 1—Organization and Presentation

Organization and Description of Business

Falcon Minerals Corporation (the “Company” or “Falcon” and formerly named Osprey Energy Acquisition Corp.) was a blank check company, incorporated in Delaware in June 2016. The Company was formed for the purpose of acquiring, through a merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, reorganization, recapitalization, or other similar business transaction, one or more operating businesses or assets (a “Business Combination”).

On August 23, 2018 (the “Closing Date”), the Company completed the acquisition of the equity interests ( the “Equity Interests”) in certain of the subsidiaries (the “Royal Entities”) of Noble Royalties Acquisition Co., LP (“NRAC”), Hooks Ranch Holdings LP (“Hooks Holdings”), DGK ORRI Holdings, LP (“DGK”), DGK ORRI GP LLC (“DGK GP”) and Hooks Holding Company GP, LLC (“Hooks GP”, and collectively with NRAC, Hooks Holdings, DGK, and DGK GP, the “Contributors”). The acquisition was made pursuant to the Contribution Agreement, dated as of June 3, 2018 (the “Contribution Agreement”), by and among the Company, Royal Resources L.P. (“Royal”), Royal Resources GP L.L.C. (“Royal GP”) and the Contributors. The acquisition of the Royal Entities pursuant to the Contribution Agreement is referred to as the “Business Combination” and the Business Combination together with the other transactions contemplated by the Contribution Agreement are referred to herein as the “Transactions.”

Pursuant to the Contribution Agreement, on the Closing Date, the Company contributed cash to Falcon Minerals Operating Partnership, LP, a Delaware limited partnership and wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (“OpCo”), in exchange for (a) a number of OpCo Common Units representing limited partnership interests in OpCo (the “OpCo Common Units”) equal to the number of shares of the Company’s Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Class A Common Stock”), outstanding as of the Closing Date and (b) a number of OpCo warrants exercisable for OpCo Common Units equal to the number of the Company’s warrants outstanding as of the Closing Date. The Company controls OpCo through Falcon Minerals GP, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company and the sole general partner of OpCo (“OpCo GP”).

On the Closing Date, Falcon completed the acquisition of the Equity Interests and in return the Contributors received (i) $400 million of cash and (ii) 40 million OpCo Common Units. The Company also issued to the Contributors 40 million shares of non-economic Class C common stock of the Company, which entitles each holder to one vote per share. The OpCo Common Units are redeemable on a one-for-one basis for shares of Class A Common Stock at the option of the Contributors. Upon the redemption by any Contributor of OpCo Common Units for Class A Common Stock, a corresponding number of shares of Class C Common Stock held by such Contributor will be cancelled.  

In connection with the closing of the Business Combination (the “Closing”), the Company changed its name from “Osprey Energy Acquisition Corp.” to “Falcon Minerals Corporation.” The Company is now structured as an “Up-C,” meaning that substantially all the assets of the Company are held by OpCo, and the Company’s only operating asset is its equity interest in OpCo. Each OpCo Common Unit, together with one share of Class C Common Stock, is exchangeable for one share of Class A Common Stock at the option of the holder pursuant to the terms of the Company’s and OpCo’s organizational documents, subject to certain restrictions.

The Company’s assets, via its controlling interest in OpCo, consist of royalty interests, mineral interests, non-participating royalty interests and overriding royalty interests, or ORRIs (collectively, “Royalties”), underlying approximately 256,000 gross unit acres that are concentrated in what the Company believes is the “core-of-the-core” of liquids-rich condensate region of the Eagle Ford Share in Karnes, DeWitt and Gonzales Counties, Texas. The company owns additional assets of approximately 75,000 gross unit acres in Pennsylvania, Ohio and West Virginia that is prospective for Marcellus Shale.

These royalties entitle the holder to a portion of the production of oil and natural gas from the underlying acreage at the sales price received by the operator, net of any applicable post-production expenses and taxes. The holder of these interests has no obligation to fund exploration and development costs, lease operating expenses or pay for capital expenditures such as plugging and abandonment costs at the beginning and end of a well’s productive life.

Note 2—Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying interim statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with GAAP for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X issued by the SEC. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments and disclosures necessary for a fair statement of these interim statements have been included. All intercompany balances and transactions are eliminated in consolidation.

9


 

The results reported in these interim statements are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be reported for the entire year or for any other period. These interim statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2019 included in our Annual Report on Form10-K that the Company filed with the SEC on March 13, 2020.

Subsequent to the issuance of the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company’s management determined that a portion of the dividends to shareholders had been improperly deducted from Additional Paid In Capital (“APIC”) rather than deducted from Retained Earnings until Retained Earnings had been exhausted.  As a result, in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity, the dividends to shareholders have been correctly classified reducing Retained Earnings rather than APIC, and the total balances of Retained Earnings and APIC have been corrected at March 31, 2019 as follows:    

 

 

Retained

 

 

Additional Paid

 

 

 

Earnings

 

 

In Capital

 

March 31, 2019 as presented

 

 

10,192

 

 

 

128,779

 

March 31, 2019 as corrected

 

 

1,021

 

 

 

137,950

 

The reclassification does not change, in any period, Total Shareholders’ Equity. The Company evaluated the materiality of these misstatements from a quantitative and qualitative perspective and has concluded the misstatements are not material to the prior periods.  

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents represent unrestricted cash on hand and include all highly liquid investments purchased with a maturity of three months or less and money market funds. The Company maintains cash and cash equivalents in bank deposit accounts which, at times, may exceed the federally insured limits. The Company has not experienced any significant losses from such investments.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities; disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements; the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods; and the quantities and values of proved oil, natural gas and NGLs reserves used in calculating depletion and assessing impairment of oil and natural gas properties. Actual results could differ significantly from these estimates. Significant estimates made by management include the quantities of proved oil, natural gas and NGL reserves, related present value estimates of future net cash flows therefrom, the carrying value of oil and natural gas properties, fair value of the Company’s warrants, estimates of current and deferred income taxes. While management believes these estimates are reasonable, changes in facts and assumptions or the discovery of new information may result in revised estimates. Actual results could differ from these estimates and it is reasonably possible these estimates could be revised in the near term, and these revisions could be material.

Accounts Receivable

The Company’s accounts receivable balance results primarily from operators’ sales of oil and natural gas to their customers. Accounts receivable are recorded at the contractual amounts and do not bear interest. The Company reserves for specific accounts receivables when it is probable that all or a part of an outstanding balance will not be collected.  The Company regularly reviews collectability and establishes or adjusts the allowance as necessary using the specific identification method.  Account balances are charged off against the allowance after all means of collection have been exhausted and the potential for recovery is considered doubtful.  As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had not recorded any reserves for uncollectible amounts or deemed any amounts to be uncollectible.  

Royalty Interests in Oil and Natural Gas Properties 

The Company follows the successful efforts method of accounting for oil and natural gas operations. Under this method, costs to acquire mineral and royalty interests in oil and natural gas properties are capitalized when incurred. Acquisitions of royalty interests of oil and natural gas properties are considered asset acquisitions and are recorded at cost.

10


 

Acquisition costs of proven royalty interests are amortized using the units of production method over the life of the property, which is estimated using proven reserves. Acquisition costs of royalty interests on unproved properties, where there are no proven reserves, are not amortized. When the associated exploration stage interests are converted to proven reserves, the cost basis is amortized using the units of production methodology over the life of the property, using proven reserves. For purposes of amortization, interests in oil and natural gas properties are grouped in a reasonable aggregation of properties with common geological structural features or stratigraphic condition.  

We review and evaluate our royalty interests in oil and natural gas properties for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the related carrying amounts may not be recoverable. Proved oil and gas properties are reviewed for impairment when events and circumstances indicate a potential decline in the fair value of such properties below the carrying value, such as a downward revision of the reserve estimates or lower commodity prices. When such events or changes in circumstances occur, we estimate the undiscounted future cash flows expected in connection with the properties and compare such future cash flows to the carrying amounts of the properties to determine if the carrying amounts are recoverable. If the carrying value of the properties is determined to not be recoverable based on the undiscounted cash flows, an impairment charge is recognized by comparing the carrying value to the estimated fair value of the properties. The factors used to determine fair value include, but are not limited to, estimates of proved, probable and possible reserves, future commodity prices, the timing of future production and a discount rate commensurate with the risk reflective of the lives remaining for the respective oil and gas properties. There was no such impairment of proved oil and natural gas properties for the three months ended March 31, 2020 or 2019.

Unproved properties are also assessed for impairment periodically on a depletable unit basis when facts and circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable, at which point an impairment loss is recognized to the extent the carrying value exceeds the estimated recoverable value. The carrying value of unproved properties, including unleased mineral rights, is determined based on management’s assessment of fair value using factors similar to those previously noted for proved properties, as well as geographic and geologic data. There was no impairment of unproved properties for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

Upon the sale of a complete depletable unit, the book value thereof, less proceeds or salvage value, is charged to income. Upon the sale or retirement of an individual well, or an aggregation of interests which make up less than a complete depletable unit, the proceeds are credited to accumulated DD&A, unless doing so would significantly alter the DD&A rate of the depletable unit, in which case a gain or loss would be recorded.  

Debt Issuance Costs

Other assets include capitalized financing costs of $2.2 million and $2.4 million as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The costs are associated with the Company’s credit agreement and are being amortized over the term of the credit agreement.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at a specified measurement date. Fair value measurements are derived using inputs and assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability, including assumptions about risk. GAAP establishes a valuation hierarchy for disclosure of the inputs used to measure fair value. This three-tier hierarchy classifies fair value amounts recognized or disclosed in the consolidated financial statements based on the observability of inputs used to estimate such fair values. The classification within the hierarchy of an asset or liability is determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The hierarchy considers fair value amounts based on observable inputs (Levels 1 and 2) to be more reliable and predictable than those based primarily on unobservable inputs (Level 3). At each balance sheet reporting date, the Company categorizes its assets and liabilities recorded at fair value using this hierarchy.

The amounts reported in the balance sheet for cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximate their fair value because of the short-term maturities of these instruments (Level 1). Because the Credit Facility (as defined in “Note 5 – Debt – Falcon Credit Facility” below) has a market rate of interest, its carrying amount approximated fair value (Level 2).

Revenue from Contracts with Customers

Revenues from royalty properties are recorded under the cash receipts approach as directly received from the remitters’ statement accompanying the revenue check. Since the revenue checks are generally received 30 to 90 days after the production month, the Company accrues for revenue earned but not received by estimating production volumes and product prices.  Revenues from lease bonus are recorded upon receipt. The lease bonus is separate from the lease itself and is recognized as revenue to the Company upon receipt of payment.

Transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations

11


 

The Company’s right to royalty income does not originate until production occurs and, therefore, is not considered to exist beyond each day’s production. Therefore, there are no remaining performance obligations under any of the Company’s royalty income contracts.

Contract balances

Under the Company’s royalty income contracts, it would have the right to receive royalty income from the producer once production has occurred, at which point payment is unconditional. Accordingly, the Company’s royalty income contracts do not give rise to contract assets or liabilities.

Prior-period performance obligations

The Company records revenue in the month production is delivered to the purchaser. However, settlement statements for certain oil, natural gas and NGLs sales may not be received for 30 to 90 days after the date production is delivered, and as a result, the Company is required to estimate the amount of royalty income to be received based upon the Company’s interest. The Company records the differences between its estimates and the actual amounts received for royalties in the quarter that payment is received from the producer. Identified differences between the Company’s revenue estimates and actual revenue received historically have not been significant. For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, revenue recognized in the reporting period related to performance obligations satisfied in prior reporting periods was not material. The Company believes that the pricing provisions of its oil, natural gas and NGLs contracts are customary in the industry. To the extent actual volumes and prices of oil and natural gas sales are unavailable for a given reporting period because of timing or information not received from third parties, the royalties related to expected sales volumes and prices for those properties are estimated and recorded.

Income Taxes

The Company under ASC 740 uses the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes, under which deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences of (i) temporary differences between the financial statement carrying amounts and the tax bases of existing assets and liabilities and (ii) operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are based on enacted tax rates applicable to the future period when those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in income in the period the rate change is enacted. A valuation allowance is provided for deferred tax assets when it is more likely than not the deferred tax assets will not be realized.

ASC 740 prescribes a recognition threshold and a measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. For those benefits to be recognized, a tax position must be more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon examination by taxing authorities. The Company recognizes accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as income tax expense. No amounts were accrued for the payment of interest and penalties at March 31, 2020. The Company is currently not aware of any issues under review that could result in significant payments, accruals or material deviation from its position. The Company is subject to income tax examinations by major taxing authorities since inception.

Share-Based Compensation

Share-based compensation awards are measured at fair value on the date of grant and are expensed, net of any actual forfeitures, over the required service period.  See “Note 7Share-Based Compensation” for additional information.  

Segment Reporting

The Company derives revenue from Royalties in oil and natural gas properties in North America. The Company operates in a single operating and reportable segment. Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise for which separate financial information is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) in deciding how to allocate resources and assess performance. The Company’s Chief Executive Officer has been determined to be the CODM and allocates resources and assesses performance based upon financial information at the consolidated level.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

The Company is an “emerging growth company” (“EGC”) as defined by the JOBS Act. The JOBS Act provides that an emerging growth company can take advantage of the extended transition period provided in Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards. In other words, an emerging growth company can delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. The Company has elected to avail itself of this exemption and, as a result, its financial statements may not be comparable to the financial statements of issuers that are required to comply with the effective dates for new or revised accounting standards that are applicable to public companies. Section 107 of the JOBS Act provides that the Company can elect to opt out of the extended transition period at any time, which election is irrevocable.

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued new guidance which amends various aspects of existing guidance for leases. The new guidance requires an entity to recognize assets and liabilities arising from a lease for both financing and operating leases, along with additional qualitative and quantitative disclosures. The main difference between previous GAAP and the new standard is the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities by lessees on the balance sheet for those leases classified as operating leases under previous GAAP. As a result, the Company will have to recognize a liability representing its lease

12


 

payments and a right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term on the balance sheet. The new guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted the modified retrospective approach upon adoption of the new guidance on the effective date of January 1, 2020.  Please see Note 3Impact of ASC 842 Adoption for further details related to the Company’s adoption of this standard.  

In June 2016, the FASB issued new guidance related to Accounting Standards Update 2016-13, “Financial Instruments – Credit Losses” (“ASU 2016-13”). This update affects entities holding financial assets and net investment in leases that are not accounted for at fair value through net income. The amendments affect loans, debt securities, trade receivables, net investments in leases, off-balance sheet credit exposures, reinsurance receivables, and any other financial assets not excluded from the scope that have the contractual right to receive cash. In November 2018, the FASB issued a further update to ASU 2016-13. This update clarifies that receivables arising from operating leases are not in scope of this topic, but rather the leasing standard. This update is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.

In December 2019, the FASB issued new guidance which amends certain aspects of accounting for income taxes. This amendment removes specific exceptions within existing GAAP related to the incremental approach for intraperiod tax allocation and to the general methodology for calculating income taxes in interim periods, among other changes. It also requires an entity to reflect the effect of an enacted change in tax laws or rates in the annual effective tax rate computation in the interim period that includes the enactment date, among other requirements. This amendment is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2020, and early adoption is permitted. The Company is continuing to evaluate the provisions of the amendment and has not determined the full impact on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

Note 3—Impact of ASC 842 Adoption

On January 1, 2020, the Company adopted ASU 2016-02, Leases (“ASC 842”) using the modified retrospective method.  The Company elected the package of practical expedients upon transition which will retain the lease classification for leases and any unamortized initial direct costs that existed prior to the adoption of this standard.

The adoption of the standard resulted in the recognition of operating lease right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and operating lease liabilities on the consolidated balance sheet as of January 1, 2020.  ROU assets represent less than 1% of the Company’s total assets and lease liabilities represent less than 5% of the Company’s total liabilities as of March 31, 2020 and were not considered material to the Company.  The Company did not recognize a material cumulative adjustment to the consolidated statement of shareholders’ equity and did not have any material changes in the timing of expense recognition or the Company’s accounting policies.  The standard had no impact on the Company’s debt covenant compliance under existing agreements.  

This ASU requires the Company to identify its contractual arrangements that contain leases at the inception of such arrangements.  Specifically, the Company considered whether it can control the underlying asset and have the right to obtain substantially all of the economic benefits or outputs from the asset.  The Company’s leases are long-term operating leases with fixed payment terms and will terminate at various dates through February 2025. The Company’s ROU assets represent its right to use an underlying asset for the lease term, and its operating lease liabilities represent its obligation to make lease payments.  ROU operating assets and operating lease liabilities are included in the accompanying unaudited consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2020.  

ROU assets are recognized at commencement date and consist of the present value of the remaining lease payments over the lease term, initial direct costs, prepaid lease payments less any lease incentives.  Operating lease liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of the remaining lease payments over the lease term.  The Company uses the implicit rate, when readily determinable, or its incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at the commencement date to determine the present value of lease payments.    

The lease terms may include periods covered by options to extend the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise that option and periods covered by options to terminate the lease when it is not reasonably certain that the Company will exercise that option.  Lease expense for lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.  In the event that the Company’s assumptions and expectations change, it may have to revise its ROU assets and operating lease liabilities.  As of March 31, 2020 the weighted average remaining lease term is 3.9 years and the weighted average discount rate is 4.19%.  

As of March 31, 2020, the Company has ROU assets of $1.4 million recorded as Other Assets, $0.6 million of corresponding obligations recorded as Other Current Liabilities and $1.3 million of corresponding obligations recorded as Other Liabilities on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.  Total operating lease costs were $0.1 million in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations during the three months ended March 31, 2020.  

As of March 31, 2020, the undiscounted cash flows for operating lease liabilities are as follows (in thousands):

13


 

 

 

Payments Due by Period

 

 

 

Total

 

 

Remainder of 2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2022

 

 

2023

 

 

2024

 

 

Thereafter

 

Lease obligations

 

 

1,399

 

 

 

296

 

 

 

400

 

 

 

211

 

 

 

196

 

 

 

200

 

 

 

96

 

Total

 

$

1,399

 

 

$

296

 

 

$

400

 

 

$

211

 

 

$

196

 

 

$

200

 

 

$

96

 

 

Note 4—Oil and Natural Gas Interests

Oil and natural gas interest include the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

As of

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Oil and natural gas interests:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Subjection to depletion

 

$

313,507

 

 

$

311,954

 

Not subjection to depletion

 

 

38,128

 

 

 

37,580

 

Gross oil and natural gas interests

 

 

351,635

 

 

 

349,534

 

Accumulated depletion and impairment

 

 

(134,016

)

 

 

(130,342

)

Oil and natural gas interests, net

 

$

217,619

 

 

$

219,192

 

 

Note 5—Debt

Falcon Credit Facility

On the Closing Date, the Company entered into a credit facility with Citibank, N.A., as administrative agent and collateral agent for the lenders from time to time party thereto (the “Credit Facility”). The Credit Facility provides for a maximum credit amount of $500.0 million and a borrowing base based on its oil and natural gas reserves and other factors of $90.0 million, subject to scheduled semi-annual and other borrowing base redeterminations and expires on the fifth anniversary of the Closing Date. On the Closing Date, $38.0 million was drawn under the Credit Facility to fund a portion of the purchase price of the Transactions, to pay transaction expenses, to fund any original issue discount or upfront fees in connection with the “market flex” provisions previously agreed upon and to finance working capital needs and other general corporate purposes. As of March 31, 2020, the Company had borrowings of $45.3 million under the Credit Facility at an interest rate of 3.49% and $44.8 million available for future borrowings under the Credit Facility. The Company incurred $3.2 million of expenses in connection with the closing of the Credit Facility. These amounts are being amortized over the term of the Credit Facility. Unamortized deferred issuance costs were $2.2 million as of March 31, 2020.  

Principal amounts borrowed are payable on the maturity date. The Company has a choice of borrowing at an alternative base rate (which is equal to the greatest of the federal funds rate plus one-half of 1.0%, the prime rate or the one-month LIBOR rate plus 1.0%) or LIBOR, with such borrowings bearing interest, payable quarterly in arrears for base rate loans and one month, two-month, three month or six-month periods for LIBOR loans. LIBOR loans bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the rate appearing on the Reuters Reference LIBOR01 or LIBOR02 page as the LIBOR, for deposits in dollars at 12:00 noon (London, England time) for one, two, three, or six months plus an applicable margin ranging from 200 to 300 basis points. Base rate loans bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the greatest of (i) the agent bank’s reference rate, (ii) the federal funds effective rate plus 50 basis points and (iii) the rate for one-month LIBOR loans plus 1%, plus an applicable margin ranging from 100 to 200 basis points. The scheduled redeterminations of our borrowing base take place on April 1st and October 1st of each year.

Obligations under the Credit Facility are guaranteed by the Company and each of its existing and future, direct and indirect domestic subsidiaries (the “Credit Parties”) and are secured by all the present and future assets of the Credit Parties, subject to customary carve-outs.

The Credit Facility contains various affirmative, negative and financial maintenance covenants.  These covenants, among other things, include restrictions on the Company’s ability to incur additional indebtedness, acquire and sell assets, create liens, enter into certain lease agreements, make investments, make distributions and require the maintenance of the financial ratios described below.

 

Financial Covenant

 

Required Ratio

Ratio of total net debt to EBITDAX, as defined in the Credit Facility

 

Not greater than 4.0 to 1.0

Ratio of current assets to current liabilities, as defined in the Credit Facility

 

Not less than 1.0 to 1.0

 

As of March 31, 2020, the Company was in compliance with such covenants.

14


 

Note 6Shareholders Equity and Dividends

Shares Outstanding

The Company is a holding company whose sole material operating asset consists of its interest in OpCo.

The following table summarizes the changes in the outstanding stock and warrants through March 31, 2020.

 

 

 

Class A

Common Stock

 

 

Class C

Common Stock

 

 

Warrants

 

Beginning Balance at December 31, 2019

 

 

45,963,716

 

 

 

40,000,000

 

 

 

21,249,999

 

Restricted stock grant vesting

 

 

24,090

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Shares outstanding at March 31, 2020

 

 

45,987,806

 

 

 

40,000,000

 

 

 

21,249,999

 

 

Preferred Stock At March 31, 2020, there were no shares of preferred stock issued or outstanding. The Company is authorized to issue 1,000,000 shares of preferred stock with a par value of $0.0001 per share with such designation, rights and preferences as may be determined from time to time by the Company’s Board of Directors.

Class A Common Stock – At March 31, 2020, there were 45,987,806 shares of Class A Common Stock issued and outstanding. Holders of the Company’s Class A Common Stock are entitled to one vote for each share. The Company is authorized to issue 240,000,000 shares of Class A Common Stock with a par value of $0.0001 per share.

Class C Common Stock – At March 31, 2020, there were 40,000,000 shares of Class C Common Stock issued and outstanding. Class C Common Stock was issued to the Contributors in connection with the Transactions and are non-economic but entitle the holder to one vote per share. The Company is authorized to issue 120,000,000 shares of Class C Common Stock with a par value of $0.0001 per share.

Public Warrants – In July 2017, the Company consummated its initial public offering of units, each consisting of one share of Class A Common Stock and one-half of one warrant (“Public Warrant”). At March 31, 2020, there were 13,749,999 Public Warrants outstanding.  Each Public Warrant entitles the holder to purchase one share of Class A Common Stock at a price of $11.50 per share.  Pursuant to the Contribution Agreement, to the extent that any common stock dividend paid by the Company, when combined with other common stock dividends paid in the prior 365 days, exceeds $0.50, it is categorized as an Extraordinary Dividend.  Extraordinary Dividends reduce, penny for penny, the exercise price of the Company’s warrants.  For the quarters ending June 30, 2019 and September 30, 2019, the Company paid Extraordinary Dividends of $0.12 and $0.04, respectively.  Accordingly, the exercise price of the Company’s warrants was reduced to $11.38 after the Extraordinary Dividend paid for the quarter ended June 30, 2019 and was further reduced to $11.34 after the Extraordinary Dividend paid for the quarter ended September 30, 2019.  There were no additional changes to the exercise price during the three months ended March 31, 2020.  The Public Warrants will expire five years after the closing of the Transactions or earlier upon redemption or liquidation.  The Company may call the Public Warrants for redemption, in whole and not in part, at a price of $0.01 per warrant with not less than 30 days’ notice provided to the Public Warrant holders.  However, this redemption right can only be exercised if the last sale price of the Class A Common Stock equals or exceeds $18.00 per share for any 20 trading days within a 30-day trading period ending three business days before we send the notice of redemption to the Public Warrant holders.

Private Placement Warrants – Upon closing of the Company’s initial public offering, the Sponsor purchased an aggregate of 7,500,000 warrants at a price of $1.00 per warrant (the “Private Placement Warrants”).  Each Private Placement Warrant is exercisable for one share of Class A Common Stock at a price of $11.34.  The Private Placement Warrants are identical to the Public Warrants discussed above, except (i) they will not be redeemable by the Company so long as they are held by the Sponsor and (ii) they may be exercisable by the holders on a cashless basis.  At March 31, 2020, there were 7,500,000 Private Placement Warrants outstanding.

In connection with the Transactions, the Company issued 40,000,000 OpCo Common Units to the Contributors. The OpCo Common Units are redeemable on a one-for-one basis for shares of Class A Common Stock at the option of the holder. Upon the redemption by any holder of OpCo Common Units for shares of Class A Common Stock, a corresponding number of shares of Class C Common Stock held by such holder will be cancelled.

Earn-Out

In addition to the above, the Contributors will be entitled to receive earn-out consideration to be paid in the form of OpCo Common Units (with a corresponding number of shares of Class C Common Stock) if the volume-weighted average price of the trading days during any thirty (30) calendar days (the “30-Day VWAP”) of the Class A Common Stock equals or exceeds certain hurdles set forth in the Contribution Agreement. If the 30-Day VWAP of the Class A Common Stock is $12.50 or more per share at any time within the seven years following the closing, Royal LP will receive (i) an additional 10 million OpCo Common Units (and an equivalent number of shares of Class C Common Stock), plus (ii) an amount of OpCo Common Units (and an equivalent number of shares of Class C Common Stock) equal to (x) the amount by which annual cash dividends paid on each share of Class A Common

15


 

Stock exceeds $0.50 in each year between the closing and the date the first earn-out is achieved (with any dividends paid in the stub year in which the first earn-out is achieved annualized for purposes of determining what portion of such dividends would have, on an annual basis, exceeded $0.50), multiplied by 10 million, (y) divided by $12.50. If the 30-Day VWAP of the Class A Common Stock is $15.00 or more per share at any time within the seven years following the closing (which $15.00 threshold will be reduced by the amount by which annual cash dividends paid on each share of Class A Common Stock exceeds $0.50 in each year between the closing and the date the earn-out is achieved, but not below $12.50), the Contributors will receive an additional 10 million OpCo Common Units (and an equivalent number of Class C Common Stock).  Upon recognition of the earn-out, as there is no consideration received, the Company would record the payment of the earn-out as adjustments through equity (non-controlling interest and additional-paid-in-capital).

Noncontrolling Interest

The Company owns 100% of the general partner interests and 53% of the limited partner interests of OpCo and due to the Company’s controlling interest in OpCo, OpCo is a consolidated subsidiary of the Company.  Non-controlling ownership interests in OpCo are presented in the consolidated balance sheet within shareholders’ equity as a separate component. In addition, consolidated net income includes earnings attributable to both the shareholders and the non-controlling interests. For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, $5.4 million and $8.6 million, respectively, of distributions have been made to non-controlling interest holders of the consolidated subsidiaries.

Cash Dividends

The table below summarizes the quarterly dividends related to the Company’s quarterly financial results:

 

Quarter Ended

 

Total

Quarterly

Dividend

Per Class A Common Share

 

 

Total

Cash

Dividend

 

 

Payment

Date

 

Stockholders

Record Date

March 31, 2020

 

$

0.0250

 

 

$

1,149,695

 

 

June 8, 2020

 

May 25, 2020

December 31, 2019

 

$

0.1350

 

 

$

6,205,102

 

 

March 9, 2020

 

February 25, 2020

September 30, 2019

 

$

0.1350

 

 

$

6,203,347

 

 

December 3, 2019

 

November 20, 2019

June 30, 2019

 

$

0.1500

 

 

$

6,879,245

 

 

September 6, 2019

 

August 26, 2019

March 31, 2019

 

$

0.1750

 

 

$

8,025,786

 

 

May 29, 2019

 

May 17, 2019

 

Note 7—Share-Based Compensation

The Falcon Board of Directors has adopted the Falcon Minerals Corporation 2018 Long-Term Incentive Plan (the “Plan”). An aggregate of 8.6 million shares of Class A Common Stock are available for issuance under the Plan.  The Plan provides for the grant of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units and other stock-based awards.  Common shares that are cancelled, forfeited or withheld to satisfy exercise prices or tax withholding obligations will be available for delivery pursuant to other awards.  Distribution equivalent rights (“DER”) are also available for grant under the Plan, either alone or in tandem with other specific awards, which will entitle the recipient to receive an amount equal to dividends paid on a Class A common share.  The Plan is administered by the Falcon Board of Directors or a committee thereof.  

Restricted Stock Grants

In accordance with the Plan, the Falcon Board of Directors is authorized to issue restricted stock awards (“RSA”) to eligible employees and directors.  The Company estimates the fair value of the RSAs as the closing price of the Company’s Class A Common Stock on the grant date of the award, which is expensed over the applicable vesting period.  Each RSA that has been granted has a DER included in each agreement.  Dividends paid in connection with the DERs are accounted for as a reduction in retained earnings for those awards that are expected to vest.  RSAs that are forfeited could cause a reclassification of any previously recognized DER payments from a reduction in retained earnings to additional compensation cost.  

Performance Stock Units

Under the Plan, the Falcon Board of Directors is authorized to issue performance stock units (“PSU”) to eligible employees and directors.  The Company estimates the fair value and the derived service period of the PSUs utilizing a lattice model since one of the vesting requirements is a market-based condition (indexed to the Falcon stock price).  The Company engaged a third-party consultant to calculate fair value and the derived service period of the grants at the time of issuance.  The fair value of the PSUs is then amortized over the longer of the service condition or the derived service period attributable to each grant.  All compensation cost for the PSUs will be recognized over the longer of the service condition or the derived service period, even if the market-condition is never satisfied as long as the award is not forfeited.  The PSUs that have been granted to date do not have any DERs included in the agreements.  PSUs that are forfeited could cause a reclassification of any previously recognized DER payments from a reduction in retained earnings to additional compensation cost.  

16


 

The following table summarizes the activity in our unvested RSAs and PSUs for the three months ended March 31, 2020:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted Average

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted Average

 

 

 

Restricted

 

 

Grant-Date

 

 

Performance Stock

 

 

Grant-Date

 

 

 

Stock

 

 

Fair Value

 

 

Units

 

 

Fair Value

 

Unvested at December 31, 2019

 

 

283,917

 

 

$

8.10

 

 

 

1,413,334

 

 

$

3.45

 

Granted

 

 

258,730

 

 

$

2.47

 

 

 

751,286

 

 

$

0.64

 

Vested

 

 

(24,090

)

 

$

4.67

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

-

 

Forfeited

 

 

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

-

 

Unvested at March 31, 2020

 

 

518,557

 

 

$

5.45

 

 

 

2,164,620

 

 

$

2.48

 

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company incurred $0.7 million and $0.1 million, respectively, of share-based compensation which is included in general, administrative and other expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.  The unamortized estimated fair value of unvested RSAs and PSUs was $5.9 million at March 31, 2020.  These costs are expected to be recognized as expense over a weighted average period of 1.9 years. In addition, for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company paid less than $0.1 million and less than $0.1 million, respectively, related to DERs of RSA holders.

Note 8—Earnings Per Share

Earnings per share is computed using the two-class method.  The two-class method determines earnings per share of common stock and participating securities according to dividends or dividend equivalents and their respective participation rights in undistributed earnings.  Participating securities represent restricted stock awards in which the recipients have non-forfeitable rights to dividend equivalents during the performance period.  

The following table sets forth the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share for the periods indicated (in thousands, except per share data):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

Numerator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income attributable to common stockholders - basic and diluted

 

$

2,205

 

 

$

5,382

 

 

Less: Earnings allocated to participating securities

 

 

(9

)

 

 

(24

)

 

 

 

$

2,196

 

 

$

5,358

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding - basic and diluted

 

 

45,967

 

 

 

45,856

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income per common share, basic and diluted

 

$

0.05

 

 

$

0.12

 

 

 

 

The Company had the following shares that were excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive for the periods presented but could potentially dilute basic earnings per share in future periods (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

Warrants

 

 

21,250

 

 

 

21,250

 

 

Class C common shares

 

 

40,000

 

 

 

40,000

 

 

Total

 

 

61,250

 

 

 

61,250

 

 

 

Diluted net income per share also excludes the effects of OpCo Common Units (and related Class C Common Stock) associated with the earn-out, which are convertible into Class A Common Stock, and the PSUs because each are considered contingently issuable shares and the conditions for issuance were not satisfied as of March 31, 2020.

17


 

Note 9—Income Taxes

The Company uses an estimated annual effective tax rate, which is based on expected annual income, statutory tax rates and tax planning opportunities available in the various jurisdictions in which the Company operates, to determine its quarterly provision for income taxes. Certain significant or unusual items are separately recognized in the quarter in which they occur and can be a source of variability in the effective tax rates from quarter to quarter.

For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded an income tax expense of $0.4 million and $1.4 million, respectively.  

As of March 31, 2020, the Company had $55.9 million of net deferred tax assets net of valuation allowances. These net deferred tax assets relate to oil and gas assets and other temporary items where the tax basis differs from the GAAP carrying amounts.

At March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had recorded a prepayment of income taxes of $0.6 million and $0.4 million, respectively.

 

The Company recognizes accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as income tax expense. No amounts were accrued for the payment of interest and penalties at March 31, 2020. The Company is currently not aware of any issues under review that could result in significant payments, accruals or material deviation from its position. The Company is subject to income tax examinations by major taxing authorities since inception.

Note 10—Related Party Transactions

Founder Shares

In June 2016, the Company issued an aggregate of 125,000 shares of Class B Common Stock to Osprey Sponsor, LLC (the “Sponsor”) for an aggregate purchase price of $25,000 (the “Founder Shares”). In March 2017, the Company effectuated a 57.5-for-1 stock split resulting in an aggregate of 7,187,500 Founder Shares outstanding and held by the Sponsor. The Founder Shares automatically converted into Class A Common Stock upon the consummation of the Transactions on a one-for-one basis. Due to the underwriter’s election not to exercise the remaining portion of the over-allotment option related to the Company’s initial public offering, 312,500 Founder Shares were forfeited resulting in an aggregate of 6,875,000 Founder Shares held by the Sponsor prior to the Transactions.    

Hepco Capital Management, LLC

Hepco Capital Management, LLC (“Hepco Capital”), which Company officers and directors Edward Cohen, Jonathan Cohen and Jeffrey Brotman are also directors and officers of, and its affiliates share certain employees and office space and reimburses the Company for a proportionate amount of the shared expenses on a monthly basis. For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company was reimbursed $0.1 million and less than $0.1 million, respectively, under this agreement.

Royal Resources L.P.

Royal, which owns 35.2 million shares of the Class C Common Stock of the Company, as well as 35.2 million OpCo Common Units, entered into a Master Service Agreement (“MSA”) with the Company in December 2018.  Under the MSA, the Company provides certain management services to Royal.  For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company received $0.7 million and $0.4 million, respectively, under this agreement.  

Note 11—Major Operators

The following table presents the percentage of revenues with the Company’s significant operators (those that have accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s revenues in a given period) for the periods indicated:

 

 

 

% of Revenues

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31,